The Planning Commission of India reports that the nation’s poverty rate has dropped by seven percentage points in five years, from 37 percent in 2005 to 30 percent in 2010. How did this hard-to-believe steep decline come about? Perhaps, it occurred by lowering a benchmark the commission uses to count poor people living below the poverty line. Last year the Singh government lowered the amount needed per day to live to Rs.32 (US$0.64) or less in city areas and Rs.26 (US$0.52) or less in rural areas. Earlier these amounts were Rs.35 or less and Rs.28 or less respectively. Thus, thousands were removed from the poverty statistics.